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Pigment Laser Treatment

Pigment Laser Treatment.

Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause changes to the color of your skin.

There are various pigmentation problems that can affect a person. These range from birth marks to pigmentation problems caused by aging/ hormonal changes and to tattoos.

 

The most common pigmented birth marks are : 

Cafe au lait spots (coffee spots) 

Café au lait spots, or café au lait (CAL) macules (CALMs), are hyperpigmented lesions that may vary in colour from light brown to dark brown; this is reflected by the name of the condition, which means “coffee with milk.” The borders may be smooth or irregular.

The size and number of café au lait skin lesions widely vary and are usually the earliest manifestations of neurofibromatosis. The macules may be observed in infancy, although they are typically very light in infants and can be difficult to appreciate.

Cafe au lait spots
Cafe au lait spots

 

Nevus of Ota.

Nevus of Ota is a hyperpigmentation that occurs on the face, most often appearing on the white of the eye.

Nevus of Ota is caused by the entrapment of melanocytes (pigment producing cells) in the upper third of the dermis of the skin. It is most commonly unilateral but can be bilateral. The sclera (white part of the eye) is involved in two-thirds of cases.  Women are nearly five times more likely to be affected than men, and it is more common in Asians especially the Orientals. Nevus of Ota may occasionally appear during puberty.

Nevus of Ota
Nevus of Ota

 

These lesions appear at birth or soon after birth and do progressively get worse.

These lesions can be treated effectively with minimal scarring using the pigment laser. You may need anywhere from 2-5 sessions at 6-8 weeks intervals.

 

Adult/teenage onset pigmentation problems

Freckles

Another group of pigment problems are freckles which appear in childhood/ teenage years and may progressively get worse. These freckles respond very well with pigment laser treatments requiring 1-2 treatments only.

Freckles
Freckles

 

Pigment problems that develop at a late stage in adulthood include Lentigines, Melasma and Nevi of Hori.

 

Melasma

Melasma
Melasma
 

Melasma (also known as chloasma faciei or the mask of pregnancy when present in pregnant women) is a tan or dark skin discoloration. Melasma is thought to be caused by sun exposure, genetic predisposition, hormone changes, and skin irritation. Although it can affect anyone, melasma is particularly common in women.

The symptoms of melasma are dark, irregular well demarcated hyperpigmented macules to patches. These patches often develop gradually over time. Melasma does not cause any other symptoms beyond the cosmetic discoloration. Patches can vary in size from 0.5 cm to larger than 10 cm depending on the person. The location patches appear on the cheeks, nose, upper lip, forehead, and chin. It can be a very difficult problem to treat.

Pigment laser does offer some improvement in selected cases in combination with sun-blocks and pigmentation creams. You need about 5-6 sessions spaced 3-4 weeks apart. Maintenance treatment is helpful in sustaining the improvement

 

 

Lentigine

Lentigines appear as small to medium sized pigmented spots on the skin with a clearly defined edge, surrounded by normal-appearing skin. They appear as light to brown spots on the face and hands in particular. It is a harmless (benign) hyperplasia of melanocytes (the pigment producing cells).

 
Lentigine
Lentigine
 

They respond very well to 1-2 treatments of pigment laser.

 

Nevus of Hori

Nevus of Hori
Nevus of Hori

Nevi of Hori appear on both cheeks in late 20’s and gets darker over the years. They are common amongst the Chinese population.  They usually require 2 treatments using different wavelengths of this pigment laser and they give fairly good results.

 

Facial Rejuvenation

As women and men age and with prolonged sun exposure their skin loses the firmness due to collagen breakdown resulting in lines and wrinkles, uneven tone and pigment problems. Pigment laser treatments, by their effect of stimulating and re-modelling of the collagen under the skin and decreasing the pigmentation can create a more refreshed, smoother skin texture, even skin tone and decreased pore size. This is called pigment laser skin rejuvenation and it is a very popular treatment as there are virtually no side effects.

 
 

 

For information on other services that we offer, please visit our website at https://drgunaplasticsurgery.com/our_services/

 

GUNA PLASTIC & COSMETIC SURGERY

GUNA LASER CENTRE

101A, JALAN KAMARUDDIN ISA,

TAMAN FAIR PARK.

31400, IPOH, PERAK.

MALAYSIA.

010 385 1757

Office : +6 05-546 2426

https://www.drgunaplasticsurgery.com

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